Persistent nasal symptoms and mediator release after continuous pollen exposure in an environmental challenge chamber.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2016 Jun 1;
Authors: Okuma Y, Okamoto Y, Yonekura S, Iinuma T, Sakurai T, Hamasaki S, Ohki Y, Yamamoto H, Sakurai D
BACKGROUND: Immediate- and late-phase reactions are associated with nasal symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the symptoms and mediators released after continuous allergen exposure in an environmental challenge chamber (ECC).
METHODS: Fifteen patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis were enrolled in this study and continuously exposed to cedar pollen at a concentration of 8,000 grains/m(3) for 3 hours in an ECC. Nasal function tests were performed, and nasal secretions were collected before pollen exposure (0 hour), immediately after exiting the ECC (3 hours), and 6 hours after exiting the ECC (9 hours). Symptom scores were recorded every 30 minutes in the ECC and every 3 hours after exiting the ECC. The frequency of sneezing and nose blowing also was monitored.
RESULTS: The severity of symptoms in the ECC peaked approximately 2 hours after the beginning of pollen exposure and continued more than 6 hours after leaving the ECC. Concentrations of histamine, tryptase, interleukins 5, 3, 33, and 31, and substance P increased over time, whereas that of nasal fractional exhaled nitric oxide decreased.
CONCLUSION: Various mediators are released during continuous allergen exposure, which subsequently induce persistent nasal symptoms. Effective treatment is required to control the intense inflammation observed after allergen exposure.
PMID: 27263086 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
View full post on pubmed: asthma