Unraveling the Role of Candidalysins in Severe Asthma

Candida Albicans

Welcome Message from the World Asthma Foundation

Hello to our dedicated community and newcomers alike.

The World Asthma Foundation (WAF) continues its mission to Defeat Asthma by fostering awareness, enhancing education, and promoting research to unravel the complexities of Asthma. We appreciate your interest and partnership as we work towards a world where Asthma is no longer a limiting factor in anyone’s life.

Building on our recent blog post discussing Candida’s role in inflammation and autoimmune response and its implications for severe Asthma, we’re excited to delve deeper into one of Candida’s potent weapons, Candidalysins. This topic is the focus of intensive research globally, including groundbreaking work from the Mayo Clinic, and shows promising potential in understanding the pathogenesis and exacerbation of severe asthma.

Thank you for being part of our mission. We encourage you to share this information with your healthcare provider and engage in open, productive conversations about your health.


Last week, we explored the intricate interplay between Candida colonization, dysbiosis, inflammation, autoimmune responses, TNF-alpha dysregulation, and comorbidities in the pathogenesis and exacerbation of severe asthma. A critical piece of the puzzle involves a protein secreted by Candida, Candidalysins. These proteins play a significant role in Candida’s virulence and are instrumental in driving the inflammatory response, making them a critical research focus in the context of Asthma.

Candidalysins: A Closer Look

Candida albicans produces a group of cytolytic peptide toxins known as Candidalysins, which disrupt host epithelial barriers, leading to infection and promoting inflammation. Recent research indicates that Candidalysins also exacerbate the severity of asthma by enhancing airway inflammation, making the study of these proteins crucial in understanding and managing severe asthma.

The Inflammatory Role of Candidalysins

Candidalysins are known to damage epithelial cells, triggering an inflammatory response. In the context of asthma, this inflammation can intensify symptoms and exacerbate the severity of the condition. Understanding the specific role of Candidalysins in promoting this inflammation can provide insights into new therapeutic strategies for managing severe asthma.

Candidalysins and Immune Response

Research indicates that Candidalysins play a vital role in triggering a strong immune response, affecting immune cell recruitment and activation. This response is critical in the progression of asthma and can provide potential targets for therapeutic intervention.

Implications for Severe Asthma

The role of Candidalysins in promoting inflammation and triggering immune responses has significant implications for severe asthma. Understanding these implications is crucial for developing more effective management strategies, diagnostic tools, and potential treatments.

Candida in Pulmonary Secretions: A New Study

In addition to the role of Candidalysins in severe asthma, we also want to highlight another recent study that may be relevant to our readers. This study, published in The Open Respiratory Medicine Journal, examined the presence and significance of Candida in pulmonary secretions of patients with bronchitis, mucus plugging, and atelectasis. These are conditions that can affect people with asthma and make breathing difficult. The study found that Candida was often associated with these conditions and may play a role in causing or worsening them. The study also found that patients with Candida in their lungs had a higher risk of respiratory failure and death. The study suggested that treating Candida with antifungal drugs may help some patients improve their lung function and outcomes. However, the study was not conclusive and more research is needed to confirm these findings. This study adds to the growing evidence that Candida may be more than just a harmless colonizer of the lungs and may have important implications for severe asthma. You can read more about this study here.


Research into Candidalysins and their role in severe asthma is ongoing and promising. These cytolytic toxins provide a unique perspective on how Candida can influence the severity and progression of asthma, offering potential new avenues for therapeutic intervention. Another recent study also suggests that Candida may affect lung function and outcomes by causing or worsening bronchitis, mucus plugging, and atelectasis in some patients. These findings indicate that Candida may be more than just a harmless colonizer of the lungs and may have important implications for severe asthma. We’re excited to bring you the latest research on this subject and appreciate your interest and involvement in the Defeat Asthma mission. As we continue to unravel the complexities of Asthma, we hope to empower our readers with knowledge and tools to manage this chronic condition.

The Future of Asthma Research

As we understand more about the interactions between the Candidalysins and our body’s immune response, we will continue to see developments in diagnostic tools and therapies. Unraveling this complex relationship is critical in determining the trajectory of severe asthma and holds the key to future breakthroughs in its management.

Your Role in Our Mission

Our readers are a crucial part of our mission to Defeat Asthma. As we continue to share insights from the latest research, we encourage you to keep informed and to share these findings with your network. Conversations about research like this can help increase public understanding of Asthma, combat stigma, and ultimately contribute to better outcomes for those living with Asthma.

What’s Coming Up Next

In our upcoming posts, we will continue to keep you updated on research into the role of Candidalysins and other pathogenic factors contributing to severe asthma. We will also be delving into lifestyle and environmental factors that affect asthma, and how we can manage these to better control this chronic condition.

Stay Tuned for More

Stay connected with us to get the latest information and insights in the world of Asthma research, management, and advocacy. Subscribe to our newsletter, follow us on social media, and share our resources with your community.

Thank You

Thank you for being a part of the World Asthma Foundation community. Your involvement, whether as a reader, donor, advocate, or patient, is critical in our fight to Defeat Asthma. We appreciate your commitment and look forward to a future where Asthma no longer limits anyone’s potential.

How to Live Well with Asthma in the Post-COVID Era

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a tough time for everyone, especially for people with asthma. Asthma is a chronic condition that affects the airways and makes it hard to breathe. People with asthma may have more severe symptoms or complications if they get infected with COVID-19. That’s why it’s important to know how to manage your asthma and protect yourself from the virus.

But even as the pandemic seems to be winding down, the challenges are not over for people with asthma. Many people still live in fear of getting sick or infecting others. Many people still face stress, anxiety, depression, or isolation due to the pandemic. Many people still struggle with access to health care or vaccines.

That’s why we need to learn how to live well with asthma in the post-COVID era. In this blog post, we will share some insights from recent studies and some tips on how to cope with the physical and mental health challenges of asthma and COVID-19.


The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the quality of life and treatment of asthma patients around the world. A recent study by Naglaa Youssef and colleagues surveyed 200 asthma patients in Egypt and found that 80% of them had uncontrolled asthma, meaning that their symptoms were frequent or severe and interfered with their daily activities. The most common factor that affected their quality of life was the limitation of activity, such as exercise, work, or socializing. Women reported a higher level of perceived threat from COVID-19 than men.

The study also found some positive changes in the patients’ health behaviors during the pandemic. More patients visited their clinician regularly and followed their treatment plan than before the pandemic. However, over 75% of the patients could not tell the difference between asthma and COVID-19 symptoms, which could lead to confusion or delay in seeking medical help.

The study concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic improved some aspects of asthma care, but also highlighted the need for better asthma control and education. Uncontrolled asthma is a major risk factor for poor quality of life and should be addressed by both patients and clinicians.

Another study by Valeria Saladino and colleagues explored the psychological and social effects of the pandemic on the population, mostly children, college students, and health professionals. They found that these groups were more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and other symptoms of distress due to the pandemic. They also found that social distancing and security measures affected the relationship among people and their perception of empathy toward others.

The study suggested that telepsychology and technological devices could be useful tools to decrease the negative effects of the pandemic and improve psychological treatment of patients online. Telepsychology is the delivery of psychological services using telecommunication technologies, such as phone calls, video calls, or online platforms. Telepsychology can offer benefits such as convenience, accessibility, affordability, and continuity of care.

Key takeaways

Here are some key takeaways on how to live well with asthma in the post-COVID era:

• Keep your asthma under control. Follow your asthma action plan, take your medications as prescribed, monitor your symptoms and peak flow, and avoid triggers that can worsen your asthma.

• Protect yourself from COVID-19. Follow the public health guidelines to prevent the spread of the virus. Wear a mask when you are in public places, wash your hands frequently, practice social distancing, and get vaccinated when it’s available for you.

• Seek medical help when needed. Don’t hesitate to contact your clinician if you have any questions or concerns about your asthma or COVID-19. If you have symptoms of COVID-19, such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, or loss of taste or smell, get tested and isolate yourself until you get the results.

• Stay active and healthy. Physical activity can improve your lung function and overall health. Choose activities that are suitable for your fitness level and don’t trigger your asthma. Eat a balanced diet, drink plenty of water, and get enough sleep.

• Seek support and information. Living with asthma can be stressful and isolating, especially during a pandemic. Reach out to your family, friends, or support groups for emotional support. You can also visit the World Asthma Foundation website to learn more about asthma and how to manage it during the pandemic.

• Practice empathy. Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person. It can help you to care for others, cooperate with them, and support them in times of need. Empathy can also motivate you to follow public health guidelines and get vaccinated to prevent the spread of the virus.

• Use telepsychology. Telepsychology is a convenient and effective way to access psychological services online. It can help you cope with stress, anxiety, depression, or other mental health problems caused by the pandemic. It can also help you improve your relationship with yourself and others.


Asthma is a common chronic condition that can impair your quality of life if it’s not well controlled. The COVID-19 pandemic has added more challenges and risks for people with asthma. However, by following some simple steps, you can live well with asthma in the post-COVID era.

The World Asthma Foundation is a non-profit organization that aims to empower the world asthma community through education, collaboration, and advocacy. Our vision is to see a day where they can improve the quality of lifem for all asthmatics.
We do this by advocating for an improved understanding
of the causes, diagnostic tools, methodologies, precision therapies, prevention, sustainability in healthcare, and one day
a cure.

Together, we can makea difference for people living with asthma.

Phase 2a, AMP Challenge, Dose Escalation Study to Assess the Dose Response for Topical Efficacy and Systemic Activity in Asthmatic Subjects

Condition:   Asthma
Interventions:   Drug: Fluticasone furoate (FF) Dry Powder Inhaler;   Drug: Fluticasone propionate (FP) Dry Powder Inhaler;   Drug: Budesonide (BUD) Turbuhaler;   Drug: Placebo (ELLIPTA or DISKUS)
Sponsor:   GlaxoSmithKline
Not yet recruiting – verified December 2016

View full post on ClinicalTrials.gov: asthma | Studies received in the last 14 days